The ICE Swap Rate® (formerly known as ISDAFIX) is recognised as the principal global benchmark for swap rates and spreads for interest rate swaps. ICE Swap Rate is used as the exercise value for cash-settled swaptions, for close-out payments on early terminations of interest rate swaps, for some floating rate bonds and for valuing portfolios of interest rate swaps.
The ICE Swap Rate represents the mid-price for interest rate swaps (the fixed leg) and swap spreads (the applicable mid-price minus a corresponding specified government bond yield), in various specified currencies and tenors and at particular specified times of the day.
Please read IBA’s Benchmark and Other Information Notice and Disclaimer here.
IBA has published a Statement of Compliance with the EU Benchmarks Regulation and Benchmark methodologies, including in respect of ICE Swap Rate, and Ernst & Young LLP has externally reviewed and provided assurance in respect of this Statement.
Each published ICE Swap Rate benchmark rate is calculated using eligible prices and volumes for specified interest rate derivative products, provided by trading venues in accordance with a “Waterfall” Methodology. The first level of the Waterfall (“Level 1”) uses eligible, executable prices and volumes provided by regulated, electronic, trading venues. If these trading venues do not provide sufficient eligible input data to calculate a rate in accordance with Level 1 of the Methodology, then the second level of the Waterfall (“Level 2”) uses eligible dealer to client prices and volumes displayed electronically by trading venues. If there is insufficient eligible input data to calculate a rate in accordance with Level 2 of the Methodology, then the third level of the Waterfall (“Level 3”) uses movement interpolation, where possible for applicable tenors, to calculate a rate. Where it is not possible to calculate an ICE Swap Rate benchmark rate at Level 1, Level 2 or Level 3 of the Waterfall, then the Insufficient Data Policy applies for that rate.
Users of ICE Swap Rate settings in respect of which LIBOR serves as the floating leg for the relevant interest rate swaps should note the section on our LIBOR webpage headed “The Future of LIBOR”. The FCA has stated its intention that "it would no longer be necessary for it to persuade or compel the panel banks to submit to LIBOR after year-end 2021". The FCA and other official sector bodies have made various announcements regarding the need to be prepared for transition from LIBOR to alternative rates by year-end 2021, and market participants have been strongly advised to ensure they are ready for this transition.
On December 4, 2020, IBA published a consultation on its intention to cease the publication of (i) all GBP, EUR, CHF and JPY LIBOR settings, and the 1 Week and 2 Month USD LIBOR settings immediately following the LIBOR publication on December 31, 2021, and (ii) the Overnight and 1, 3, 6 and 12 Month USD LIBOR settings immediately following the LIBOR publication on June 30, 2023, subject to any rights of the FCA to compel IBA to continue publication. The FCA has also advised that it plans to consult in Q2 2021 on its proposed policy approach to the use of proposed new powers to prohibit some or all new use by supervised entities in the UK of a critical benchmark (such as LIBOR currency-tenor settings) where a benchmark administrator has confirmed its intention that the benchmark will cease.
Because of the potential for LIBOR settings to cease and/or cease to be able to be used in interest rate swaps following year-end 2021, there can be no certainty or guarantee that those ICE Swap Rate settings in respect of which LIBOR serves as the floating leg for the relevant interest rate swaps will be able to be published after that date.
In the UK, SONIA has been recommended as the preferred near risk free rate for use in Sterling derivatives and relevant financial contracts. As a result, IBA sought feedback and consulted on publishing a GBP ICE Swap Rate for SONIA swaps.
Following a positive market response to IBA’s feedback and consultation papers, and the successful publication of daily indicative GBP SONIA ICE Swap Rate ‘Beta’ settings since October 2, 2020, IBA launched GBP SONIA ICE Swap Rate as a benchmark for use by licensees on December 14, 2020. The settings are provided for use by licensees on and subject to the terms of their current GBP ICE Swap Rate licensing agreements.
GBP SONIA ICE Swap Rate settings are determined using the published ICE Swap Rate ‘Waterfall’ methodology using eligible input data in respect of SONIA interest rate swaps, and are available for the same tenors and at the same time as the current GBP LIBOR® ICE Swap Rate®. The settings are available from IBA and licensed redistributors.
The "SONIA" mark is used under licence from the Bank of England (the benchmark administrator of SONIA), and the use of such mark does not imply or express any approval or endorsement by the Bank of England. "Bank of England" and "SONIA" are registered trademarks of the Bank of England.
IBA uses multiple, randomised snapshots of market data taken during a short window before calculation. This enhances the benchmark's robustness and reliability by protecting against attempted manipulation and temporary aberrations in the underlying market.
Snapshots which do not contain sufficient eligible market data are not included in the calculation.
A minimum number of liquid snapshots is required to perform the calculation.
To protect against unrepresentative market data influencing the benchmark, outlier snapshots are not included in the calculation.
IBA uses data from the remaining snapshots to determine the ICE Swap Rate using a quality weighting based on the tightness of the spread of the eligible data.
ICE Swap Rate is calculated and published in seven benchmark ‘runs’ covering three currencies – EUR, GBP and USD – at the following specified times, with tenors ranging from 1 year to 30 years as indicated in the below table:
|TENOR||EUR EURIBOR 1100||EUR EURIBOR 1200||GBP LIBOR 1100||USD LIBOR 1100||USD LIBOR 1100||USD LIBOR 1500||GBP SONIA 1100|
In respect of each benchmark run and tenor:
The bid and offer prices are for the fixed leg percentage rate for cleared interest rate swaps (together with the associated volumes) satisfying the requirements in the below table in respect of the applicable benchmark runs and tenors, except that, for the benchmark run that is USD Spreads 1100 and the associated tenors, the bid and offer prices are for spreads of such fixed leg percentage rates over the annual percentage yield payable on an on-the-run US Treasury Bonds satisfying the requirements in the table below in respect of the applicable tenors. Input data is provided by the relevant trading venues on an “as is” basis.
|Benchmark Run||1Y Tenor||Tenors over 1Y|
|Interest Rate Swap|
|Fixed Rate Leg Day-count||Fixed Rate Leg Period||Floating Leg Interest rate basis (m=month)||Fixed Rate Leg Day-count||Fixed Rate Leg Period||Floating Leg Interest rate basis (m=month)|
|EUR Rates 1100||30/360||Annual||3m EURIBOR||30/360||Annual||6m EURIBOR|
|EUR Rates 1200||30/360||Annual||3m EURIBOR||30/360||Annual||6m EURIBOR|
|GBP Rates 1100||Actual/365||Annual||3m LIBOR||Actual/365||Semi-annual||6m LIBOR|
|USD Rates 1100||30/360||Semi-annual||3m LIBOR||30/360||Semi-annual||3m LIBOR|
|USD Rates 1500||30/360||Semi-annual||3m LIBOR||30/360||Semi-annual||3m LIBOR|
|GBP SONIA Rates 1100||Actual/365||Annual||Overnight SONIA compounded in arrears for twelve months using standard market conventions||Actual/365||Annual||Overnight SONIA compounded in arrears for twelve months using standard market conventions|
|Benchmark Run||Tenors over 1Y|
|Interest Rate Swap||Bond|
|Fixed Rate Leg Day-count||Fixed Rate Leg Period||Floating Leg Interest rate basis (m=month)||Day-count||Period||Type|
|USD Spreads 1100||30/360||Semi-annual||3m LIBOR||Actual/actual||Semi-annual||US Treasury on-the-run|
The Standard Market Sizes in respect of the hypothetical trades that are required to be filled at Level 1 or Level 2 of the Waterfall for each benchmark run and tenor are specified in the below table (numbers in millions):
|GBP SONIA Rates
IBA sources input data for use at Level 1 of the Waterfall from the following regulated, electronic trading venues:
IBA sources input data for use at Level 2 of the Waterfall from the following electronic trading venue:
If you operate a suitable trading venue, or would like to suggest one for consideration, please email [email protected].
IBA is responsible for ensuring that there is appropriate governance over ICE Swap Rate, and that the appropriate standards of conduct are met.
The ICE Swap Rate & Term SONIA Reference Rates Oversight Committee is comprised of an independent Chairperson and market representatives. The Oversight Committee is responsible for monitoring the administration of the benchmark, including:
Further details on IBA’s general governance structure, including IBA’s independent Board of Directors, whistleblowing policy and other policies are available on IBA’s Governance page.
Current and previous consultations are available below:
Changes to the methodology are governed by IBA’s consultation policy.
ICE Swap Rate is not calculated or published on certain days.
The specific days for each year are: